Earthquakes which have caused deep sorrows in our country throughout history became the theme of the “Earthquake Week” organized annually between March 1-7. This special week focuses on earthquakes with various kinds of activities especially at the schools. Disaster and Emergency Management Authority (AFAD) is calling on the people to prepare for earthquakes during this week.
In addition to the efforts of the public offices, measures taken by the people carry great importance in preventing massive losses during earthquakes. Due to this reason, AFAD calls on the people to take their own measures during the Earthquake Week.
Take Disaster Awareness Training and Become an AFAD Volunteer
Primarily, earthquake preparedness and correct behavior during and in the aftermath of earthquake are vital for the protection of the people and their families. People can visit the AFAD web page and social media accounts in order to receive required information or attend “basic disaster awareness training” organized by the AFAD Provincial Directorates. They can also apply to become an AFAD Volunteer by visiting e-State and receive important information and skills required to help themselves and their loved ones during disasters. AFAD Volunteer training is available on the internet and also face-to-face contacts and at the field training levels.
Be Sure About Your Home’s Safety
Living in an earthquake resistant building is top on the list of vital measures. People should confirm that their homes have a construction permit and an occupancy permit. They must find out if any alteration that may have affected bearing columns and walls was made in the building and whether there are unlicensed constructions near their buildings or not. If they are not sure whether their building is resistant to earthquakes, they can ask authorized and certified agencies to make surveys and tests. If tests reveal that their building is not resistant to earthquakes, then they must reinforce the building against an earthquake or decide for urban transformation.
There Are Some Simple But Vital Measures You Can Take Regarding Earthquakes
Before the earthquake:
• Learn the earthquake hazard status of your building from “https://tdth.afad.gov.tr” web address.
• Prepare your disaster and emergency bag.
• Do a hazard hunt at your home.
• Make, update and repeat a family disaster and emergency plan.
• The whole family must learn drop-cover-hold on move and apply.
• Define a place for meeting in the aftermath of the earthquake.
• Learn the location of the nearest emergency assembly area from e-State application.
• Fix your water heaters (combi boiler/thermosyphon system/gas heater), refrigerator, oven and gas system to the wall and/or ground with suitable materials.
• Do not make/ allow people to make changes in the structure of your building in order to avoid possible loss of life and property.
• Do not allow people to demolish load bearing columns and walls.
• Have your home, vehicle, workplace, agricultural lands, cattle insured with DASK, TARSİM and special insurances against disasters.
During an Earthquake:
• Stay away from glass, window, walls and doors facing outside as well as lighting fixtures that may fall.
• Find a safe place and KNEEL DOWN, COVER in order to protect your head and HOLD ON.
• Do not run towards the stairs or exists.
• If you are outside, stay away from energy lines, other buildings, poles, trees and walls.
• If you are driving, find a safe place (away from buildings, poles, trees and overcrossings) and park your car to the right side of the road.
In the Aftermath of Earthquake:
• When the tremor ends, check around you and leave the building after you ensure your safety.
• Do not use a lighter or matches and do not touch electricity switches.
• Turn off the gas, water and electricity valves; turn off heaters.
• Take your disaster and emergency bags and go to nearest assembly area.
• If you are at the seaside, go to high places in order to avoid tsunami danger.
• Help babies, children, senior citizens and disabled persons as well as pregnant women who might need your aid in the aftermath of the earthquake.
• Listen to mass media like radio and TV and search social media in order to follow warnings of authorized agencies.
• Leave streets empty for the passage of emergency aid vehicles.